Indian Parliament passed the Bihar Re-organization Bill on 2 nd August 2000,to create the state of Jharkhand.The genesis of the demand can be traced to early 1900s when Jaipal Singh, the Oxford educated hockey captain of 1828 Olympics, mooted the idea of a separate state consisting of the southern district of Bihar. After a prolonged agitation, spanning over 50 years by Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, the 28 th state of India, came into existence on 15 th November 2000,the birthday of the legendary tribal fighter Birsa Munda.
Airports : Ranchi, Jamshedpur.
Popular Places : Ranchi, Hazaribagh, Jamshedpur, Bela National Park, Chotanagpur and Parasnath.
Temples: Parasnath, Rajrappa, Sun Temple, Satsang Ashram, Shakti Mandir, Jagannath Temple.
Wildlife : Detla National Park, Hazaribagh Sanctuary, Lawalong Sanctuary, Mahuadar Sanctuary, Udhwa Bird Sanctuary, Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary.
Capital of Jharkhand lies on the Suranarekha River. Once the summer capital of Bihar, Ranchi lies in the tribal heartland of India called Chotanagpur.Surrounded by tiny hills, meandering streams and cascading waterfalls, it is the quiet and dreamy town that you can visit any time of the year. For the adventurous, there are wildlife parks to be explored.
Places of Interest
(1) Tagor Hills (2) Ranchi Lake (3) Ranchi Hills (4) Angrabadi (5) Jagannath Temple.
Hotel Accommodations: Hotel Ranchi Ashok, Hotel Hinoo, Hotel
Yuvaraj, and Hotel Birsa Vihar.
This burgeoning township was named Jamshedpur in 1919 after the founder of Tata Steel, and is considered India’s first planned industrial city. Nearest airports are at Ranchi and Kolkata.Tatanagar Railway Station on the SE Railway is well connected to other part of India.
Hotel Accommodations: Hotel Centre Point, Hotel South Park, Hotel Sidhartha, Boulevard Hotel.
Meaning a thousand gardens, Hazaribagh is a famous hill resort situated at a height of 2,019 ft. above sea level. The Hazaribagh plateau has on its eastern margin, Parasnath the highest hill in Jharkhand, rising to a height of 4,480 feet. According to Jain tradition, 23 out of 24 Tirthankaras (including Parsvanatha) are believed to have attained salvation on the Sammetasikhra of the Parasnath hills. Both the Swetambar and Digambar Jains have beautiful temples here on the hill. The Hazaribagh late in the vicinity is a beautiful site to visit. Hazaribagh wildlife Sanctuary nestles in the low hilly terrain. Hazaribagh perhaps holds more Sambhars than any other area of the comparable size. The 111 km roads in the Sanctuary takes motorists to the remote comers and to many towers, strategically located and offers excellent opportunities for viewing the wilds during the best months of October to April.
Places of Interest
(1) Tilaiya Dam (2) Urwan (3) Konar Dam (4) Jamshedpur (5) Netarhat (6) Dhanbad.
Hotel Accommodations: Hotel Green Park, Hotel Aranya Vihar.
Bela National Park
Known as both Palamau and Bela, this park, 140km north west of Ranchi, is part of Project Tiger and is one of the best places to see wild elephants. Jeep safari can be organized in Bela, the park’s access point.
Chotanagpur offers an ideal escape from the present-day civilisation. The Chotanagpur plateau is a region of great unevenness and consists of a succession of plateaus, hills and valleys. Most of the plateau has an elevation exceeding 1,000 feet. In the heart of Chotanagpur are two plateaus-Hazaribagh and Ranchi.Anthropologists would make us believe that Chotanagpur region must have witnessed the transformation of Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens. Their claim is based on the findings of hand axes and blades that are littered hare in the region of Pathalgarwa. The discovery of Harrappan pottery in Hazaribagh has further strengthened its claim to antiquity. Thirty different tribes of Bihar are spread over the Chotanagpur plateau.
Air: Nearest airport Ranchi (93 km); Rail: Nearest rail head Ranchi on Howrah – Delhi route.