North - Eastern States Tourism
The north – Eastern region is the most varied yet least visited part of India.Befire Independence this beautiful area of rolling forested hills and lush green fields was known as Assam province, but it has since been gradually broken up into seven separate states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura.Nowadays, the state of Assam consists mostly of the plains around the Brahmaputra and Barak Rivers, while the other states (excluding Tripura) occupy the hills.
The north – east is the country’s chief tribal area, with many different languages and dialects; in Arunachal Pradesh along over 50 distinct languages are spoken. These Adivasis or tribal people have many similarities to the hill tribes, who live across an arc that stretches from the eastern end of the Himalaya through Mayanmar (Burma) and Thailand into Laos.
Arunachal Pradesh, one of the most sparsely populated States of the country is home to a complex mix of communities. Its people are friendly, colourful and simple. Once described as the ‘Hidden Land’, Arunachal Pradesh has now opened its doors to outsiders. Its rich flora ranges from rhododendrons to orchids. Its verdant forests turbulent streams, lofty mountains and snow – clad peaks make it a unique place offering the tourists numerous opportunities for rafting, hiking and mountaineering. Entry to all places of Arunachal Pradesh is from Assam. Important railway stations are Rangapara, Lakhimpur north, Dibrugarh, Tinsukhia and Naharkatia – all are in Assam. The nearest airports are Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat and Dibrugarg – all in Assam. Taxis are easily available at all tourist centers.
Area: 83,743 sq.km; Capital:Itanagar; Popular Places:Itanagar, Ziro, Tawang, Tipi, Bomdila, Rupa, Bhalukpong, Dirang, Daporijo, Along, Pasighat, Malinithan, Tezu, Miao.
There are four main tourist travel circuits: (1) Tezpur; Bhalukpong; Bomdial; Tawang (2) Tinsukhia; Tezu; Parsuramkunda (3) Margherita; Miao; namdapha (4) Itanagar; Ziro; Daporjio; Along; Pasighat.
Assam, aptly described as the Shangrila in the North – Eastern India is the gateway to the North – East. The word ASSAM is derived from the Sanskrit word “ASOMA” meaning peerless. Nestling in the foothills of the Himalayas Assam is known as the land of blue hills and red rivers. Assam is synonymous with tea but exotic wildlife reserves as r the principal attractions for it is the home of India’s rare one – horned rhinoceros. Kaziranga National Park, the oldest in Assam lies partly in Golaghat district and partly in the Nagaon district of Assam. It covers an area of 430 sq.km.It is the best home of the great Indian one – horned rhinoceros.
Area: 78,439 sq.km; Capital: Dispur; Airports: Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Lakhimpur and Silchar; Popular Places: Guwahat, Tezpur, Sibsagar, Majuli, Kaziranga National Park,Manas National Park.
Manipur literally means a ‘A JEWELLED LAND’ – a land of blue green hills, cascading rapids, carpets of flowers and unwinding rivers. Manipur lies in the eastern most corner of India, a veritable paradise on earth, rich with tradition, this oval shaped valley is surrounded by an aura of mystery. Polo is said to have originated here. Songol Kangiej (Manipur Polo) is the chief sport in the State even today.
Area: 22,327 sq.km; Capital:Imphal; Airport:Imphal; Popular Places:Imphal.
Conducted Tours: Regular conducted tours are organized by Manipur Tourism covering Shree Govindjee Temple, Bishru Temple, Phubala Tourist Home, INA memorial at Moirang, Keibul, Lamjao National Park and Sendra Tourist Home.
Meghalaya or ‘ABODE OF CLOUDS’, gifted with ample scenic beauty and abundant vegetation, it presents a panorama of lush rolling hills, heather – covered slopes, breathtaking beautiful waterfalls, mountain springs, moving mists, silent lakes and multitude of flora and fauna.
Area: 22,429 sq.km; Capital: Shillong; Airport: Umaroi near Shillong (35 km); Popular Places: Shillong, Garo Hills, Jaintia Hills (Jowai).
Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya, is situated in the center of a high plateau within Khasi hills. It has been called ‘the Scotland of the South’ because of its elevation 1496 m above sea level. The Meghalaya Tourism Development Corporation operates following conducted tours:
Local Sight Seeing: Elephant Falls, Shillong Peak, Don Bosco, Lady Hydari Park, Wards Lake, Golf Links and Orchid Lake Resort.
Cherreapunjee: Mawsmai Falls and Caves, Cherra Basar, Noh kali kai Falls, Ram Krishna Mission and Thangkharang Park.
The word AMIZO ‘means highlander’. Mizoram’s traditional rulers were the famous sailor who ruled as chiefs having rights over land and life. As rulers of an agricultural economy each chief had in his court an agricultural expert who was well acquainted with the secrets of the forests.
Area: 21,081 sq.km; Capital: Aizwal; Airport: Dimapur; Popular Places: Aizwal.
Aizwal stands out like a citadel over the valley of Mizoram.The valleys like the north – east are hot and wet during the summer but up in the hills it is pleasant and cool. To the south of Aizwal is the idyllic town of Lingki set in a beautiful forested area.
Nagaland is a land of fascinating folklore, with 16 tribes and sub – tribes who have their own languages and dialects. The ceremonial dress of each tribe is quite fascinating, and people are found of seasonal songs, solo, duet and choric. The villages are generally situated on the hilltops and ridges protected by stonewalls. The Nagas are wonderful musicians, singers and dancers, with a great sense of rhythm, which dominates traditional and contemporary.
Area: 16,579 sq.km; Capital: Kohima; Airport: Dimapur; Popular Places: Kohima.
The State capital, Kohima is less than 3 Hrs drive from
Dimapur. It is a hill station at an altitude of 1495 m above sea level, known the world over for halting the Japanese tide during the second World War.
Tripura, second smallest State of India, with its forests and lakes represents a delicate fusion of the styles and culture of the hills and plains. Its rich and varied culture, its handlooms and handicrafts which are exquisite in colour and excellent in design and craftsmanship, are a temptation to the visitor.
Area: 10,486 sq.km; Capital: Agartala; Airport: Agartala.
The capital is surrounded by hills on three sides. The present site of Agartala was chosen by Maharaj Krishna Kishore Manikya Bahadur who shifted the capital from old Agartala.
Places of Interest
(1) Temple of Lord Jagannatha (2) Ujjayanata Palace (3) Kamla Sagar (4) Bramakunda (5) Neermahal (6) Tripura Sundari Temple (7) Deotamura (8) Chabimura