Uttarachal is the 27 th state of Republic of India which came into existence on 9 th November 2000.Uttaranchal is one of the most beautiful, well preserved and enchanting places located in the northern part of India. Uttaranchal - the Devbhumi has attracted tourists and pilgrims from world over since time immemorial. The region is blessed with magnificent glaciers, majestic rivers, gigantic and ecstatic Himalayan peaks, natural biosphere, valley of flowers, skiing resorts and dense forests. Sacred pilgrimages of different religions including the Char Dham or the Hindu pilgrimage destinations Shri Badrinath Kedarnath-Gangotri- Yamunotri; the sacred Sikh pilgrimage of Hemkund - Lokpal, Nanakmatta and Meetha-etc. have drawn pilgrimages and seekers for spiritual fulfillment to Uttaranchal. This is the land where Vedas and Shastras were composed and the great Indian epic-The Mahabharata was written. The region has always been the source of inspiration for nature lovers and seekers of peace and spirituality.
Himalayas: The highest and the youngest mountain range on the earth, the Himalayas, from the northern border of the Indian subcontinent in Asia. To Sanskrit the name Himalaya means, "Abode of snow". In the heart of these- majestic mountains lies the state of Uttaranchal with Kumaon region in its east and Garhwal in the west. This mountainous region offers a wonderful panorama of high snow clad peaks. The Queen of Hills, Mussoorie, the lake district of India.Nainital, Kausani, Pauri, Landsdone, Raniket, Almora, Pithorgrah, Munsyari and many more attractive destinations are part of Uttaranchal.
Uttaranchal is a paradise for adventure sports. The sheerer variety from mountaineering (Bhagirathi, Chowkhamba, Nanda Devi, Kamet, Pindari, Sahastrataal, Milam, Kafni, Khading, Gaumukh), trekking, skiing (Auli, Dayara, Bugyal, Munsyari, Mundali), skating, water sports (in the lakes and rivers including the Tehri), to aero sports like hang gliding, paragliding (Pithorgraph, Jolly Grant, Pauri) make Uttaranchal one of the most attractive destinations for adventure sports not only in India but the world over.
Along with the world famous Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal has several breathtaking destinations for Wildlife Tourism. These are the Rajaji National Park, Govind Pashu Vihar, Asan Barrage, Chilla and Saptarishi Ashram, the last four being a delight for bird watchers.
Uttaranchal has a flora and fauna, which is diverse as well as rare. This makes Uttaranchal an ideal destination for eco-tourism including jungle safaris, trekking on forest trails, nature walks, catches and release Mahaseer and other fish spices (at Pancheshwar).
The Ganga and the Yamuna and sources of other rivers originate in Uttaranchal. Ganga-the most holy river represents the soul of India, her culture, history and civilization. There are several local fairs and festivals like Jhanda mela (Dehradun), Surkanda Devi Mela (Tehri), Magh Mela (Uttrakashi), Manna Devi Mela (Nainital), Chaiti Mela (Udham Singh Nagar), Purnagiri Mela (Champawat), Piran Kaliyar Mela (Bageshwar), indicative of the immense possibilities for cultural
tourism in Uttaranchal.
At a Glance
Area: 55,845 Sq.kms; Capital: Dehradun; Language: Hindi; Airports: Pantnagar – Naintal, Jolly Grant – Dehradun.
Almora (1646 m); Railhead –Katgodam 92 km; Chakrata (2138 m); Railhead – Dehradun 92 km; Kausani (1890 m); Railhead –Katgodam 142 km; Lansdowne (1829 m); Railhead – Kotdwra 40 km; Mussoorie (2000 m); Railhead – Dehradun 36 km; Nainital (1938 m); Railhead – Katgodam 35 km; Pithoragarh (1815 m); Railhead – Tanakpur 151 km; Raniket (778 m); Railhead – Katgodam 84 km; Tehri (778 m); Railhead – Rishikesh 82 km.
Badrinath – Kedarnath – Joshimath – Gangotri – Yamunotri – Gomukh – Hemkund – Panchapyrayag, Hardwar, Rishikesh.
Nestled in a wide and thickly forested valley of the Shivalik ranges, Dehradun is known' for its Salubrious climate. Once a stronghold of Garhwal kings and later appropriated by the British as a residential resort, the town has several institutions and public schools. Dehradun is famous for its fruit orchards.
Places of Interest
(1) Forest Research Institute (2) Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (3) Robber’s Cave.
How to Reach
Nearest airport is Jolly Grant 24 km. Dehradun is directly connected by rail with New Delhi, Howrah, Varanasi and Allahabad.Tourist can travel by road to all major centers of Uttaranchal and rest of India. There are regular buses operated by private and UP Government from Delhi (225 km), Haridwar (54 km), Rishikesh (43 km). Agra (382 km), Shimla (221 km). Yamunotri (174 km). Kedamath (274 km). Nainital (297 km).
Hotel Accommodations: Hotel Madhuban, Hotel President, Hotel Relax, Hotel Great Value, Hotel Hilton, Indralok Hotels, Hotel Drona, Hotel Nishima, Hotel Meedo, Hotel White House, Hotel Gaurab, Motel Himshri, Hotel Meedo’s Grand.
Situated 24 km upstream from Haridwar, at the confluence of the Chandrabhaga and Ganga, Rishikesh has long been a spiritual center. It is said that the sage Raibhya Rishi did severe penance here and as a reward, God appeared to him in the form of Hrishikesh, hence the name. Rishikesh has numerous Ashrams, some of which are internationally recognized as center of philosophical studies, yoga and meditation.
Places of Interest
(1) Triveni Ghat (2) Lakshman Jhoola (3) Shivananad or Ram Jhoola.
How to Reach
Nearest airport is Jolly Grant (Dehradun) 18 km. Rishikesh is directly connected by rail via Haridwar which is on the main route to Mumbai, Lucknow, Kalka, Sri Ganganagar New Delhi, Howrah, Varanasi and Allahabad.Tourist can travel by road to all major centers of Uttaranchal and rest of India. There are regular buses operated by private and UP Government from Delhi (238 km), Haridwar (24 km), Yamunotri (288 km). Kedamath (228 km), Dehradun (42 km), Mussoorie (77 km), Gangotri (258 km), Uttarkashi (154 km), Badrinath (301 km) and Chandigarh (252 km).
Hotel Accommodations: Hotel Ganga Kinare, Hotel Natraj, Hotel Mandakini International, Hotel Indralok, Hotel Akash Ganga, Green Hotel, Hotel Brijwasi Palace, and Hotel Rajdeep.
Badrinath is considered the holiest of the main four shrines of Uttarakhand and is one of the four Dhams. A devout Hindu has to visit it in his lifetime to attain salvation. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and was built about two centuries ago by kings of Garwal. The temple is divided into three parts-the Garbha, the Darshan 'Mandap and Sabha Mandap. The principal idol is of black stone and represents Vishnu seated in a meditative pose and flanked by Nara-Narayana TAPT KUND and SURYA KUND are famous springs of sulphurous water with 55 C.A dip, considered holy and refreshing the body as well as soul, is a must before offering prayers to Shri Badrinathji.
Kerarnath, at the head of the Mandakini River, is amongst the holiest pilgrimage for the devout Hindu.Kedarnath temple built in the 8 th century AD is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Gangotri is one of the Char Dham of Uttarakhand.It is situated in Garhwal Himalayas at an elevation of 3048 meters.
One of the four sacred dhams of Uttarakhand and revered in Hindu mythology Yamunotri is the source of Yamuna River. The Yamunotri shrine stands on the western flanks of the Bandarpunch peak (20,731 ft).
Mussoorie lies 38 km from Dehradun. Mussoorie offers views of both the Himalayan ranges to the north and the Shivalik hills and plains to the south. This erstwhile aristocratic resort is now a popular hill station and promises a variety of entertainment round the year. BHADRAJ TEMPLE is dedicated to Lord Balbhadra, brother of Shri Krishna. GUN HILL is known for ropeway ride and offers a beautiful view of the Himalayan ranges. MUNICIPAL GARDEN is a picnic spot and has artificial lake for boating. The MUSSOORIE LAKE is a delightful spot where paddleboats are available. It commands an enchanting view of the Doon Valley; GEORGE EVEREST HOUSE The park estate of Sir George, the first Surveyor-General of India, who had his office and residence here, 8 km from Mussoorie. Mt.Everest, the highest peak of the Himalayas is named after him; KEMPTY FALLS -15 km from Mussorie is a picturesque waterfall at an altitude of 4500 ft; SURKHANDA DEVI – 35 km is an important pilgrimage center. The temple is located atop the hill. ASAN BARRAGE – 42 km is a water sport resort with water skating sailing boating facilities.
Hotel Accommodations : Hotel Clark’s, Hakman’s Grand Hotel, Hotel Horizon, Hotel Raghushree, Hotel Kasmanda, Carlton’s Plaisance Hotel, Hotel Padmini Nivas, Savoy Hotel.
Auli, 16 km from Joshimath nestles in the lap of the snow – capped peaks of the Garhwal Himalayas and is an ideal ski resort with its slopes comparable to the best in the world.
At 1938 m, this attractive hill station was once the summer capital of Uttar Pradesh and is the largest town in Kumaon. The Kuman hills have long been known for their idyllic beauty. Nainital, a most beautiful resort of north India is a beautiful settlement around a blue green lake – Naini from which the town takes its name. Nainital offers varieties of adventure sports as well as popular entertainment. This hill resort can be enjoyed at any time of the year.
How to Reach
Nearest airport – Nainital (Pantnagar); Nearest railway station – Kathagodam which is connected by meter gauge to Agra, Bareilly and Lucknow. Tourist can travel by road to all major centers of Uttaranchal and rest of India.
Hotel Accommodations: Hotel Gauri Niwas,Hotel Prashant,Hotel Elphinstone,Hotel Grand, Hotel City Heart, Royal Hotel, Swiss Hotel.
50 km from Nainital. Situated at 1829 meters offers interesting mix of hill and military culture. It is an ideal holiday resort. Golf course, the orchards of Chaubatia and Jhoola Devi Temple are the palaces of interest. Ranikhet has forests of Oak wood, pine and is a fine place to enjoy a panoramic view of the Himalayas. Golf course is the main attraction of the city.
90km from Nainital.) Situated at an elevation of 5400 ft in the Kumaon Hills Almora is known for its healthy climate. The town was founded about 1560 AD by Balo Kalyan Chand, Raja of Champavat, who later made it the capital of Chand kingdom. Almora is the cultural centre of Kumaon district and a picturesque mountain resort.
180 km from Nainital. A scenic hill station-compared with Switzerland, in the Himalayas is located at 53 Ian north of Almora. It is also the birthplace of Hindi Poet Sumitra Nandan Pant. Mahatma Gandhi stayed at Anasaki Ashram, which offers a good resting place for travellers.
Haridwar is associated with both Lord Shiva as well as Lord Vishnu. It is among the seven sacred cities of India. Haridwar is situated on the right bank of the holy Ganga and is the point where the river spreads over the northern plain. It is also one of the four venues for the Kumbha Mela held in its magnitude every twelfth year. Essentially a religious centre which holds the promise of salvation for devotees, it is also a centre of herbal medicines and traditional studies at Gurukul kangri.
Main places of interest are CHAND! DEVI temple, BHARAT MATA temple; SHANIKUNJ; MAYA DEVI temple, BHIMGODA, MANSA DEVI temple; PAWAN DHAM; VAISHNO DEVI temple.
HARI-KI-PAIRI-Most important ghat on the Ganga River, where a holy dip is a must for every devotee. The Ganga Arati performed every evening is a spectacular sight when thousands of lighted lamps are set afloat the river.
How to Reach
Nearest airport - Jolly Grant, Dehradun 35 km; Haridwar is connected directly by train with Mumbai, Delhi, Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, and Kalka. Tourist can travel by road to all major centers of Uttaranchal and rest of India.
Hotel Accommodations: Hotel Himgiri, Hotel Arati, Hotel Deluxe, Hotel Shiva, Hotel Mansarovar, Hotel Mayur, Hotel Marwari Niwas, Hotel Teerth, Hotel Alpana, Hotel Ashok, Sagar Ganga Resort.
Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve
Corbett Tiger Reserve was established in 1936 as India's first national park by the legendary tiger-hunter, Jim Corbett, who put Kumaon on the map with his book The Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Held in awe by local villagers for shooting tigers who had developed a taste for human flesh, the British hunter was nevertheless one of the first people in India to realize that tiger numbers were declining. With the help of UP governor Sir Johns
Hewett, Corbett was instrumental in setting up the Hailey National Park, which was renamed Corbett National Park in 1957. With the inclusion of the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary to the west, the park now covers 1318 sq km, which may grow further if the planned migration corridor to nearby Rajaji National Park is ever completed.